Risks for media pluralism and the safety of journalists are increasing across Europe

The 2017 Media Pluralism Monitor reports, covering 31 European countries (EU 28 and three candidate countries: the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Serbia and Turkey) are out!


The findings show either general stagnation or deterioration in all of the four major areas encompassed by the MPM: Basic protection, Market plurality, Political independence and Social inclusiveness. The MPM 2017 has also confirmed the findings of the previous four rounds of monitoring – showing that no country analysed is free from risks to media pluralism.

Explore the reports HERE.

Highlights from the results:

  • Journalists and other media actors are facing a series of threats and attacks (physical and digital) in several European countries.
  • Journalists’ working conditions are deteriorating, exposing journalists to external and undue pressures in their professional work in most of the countries examined.
  • Whistleblower protection is still weak across Europe.
  • Media ownership concentration remains one of the most significant risks to media pluralism and is seen as creating barriers to diversity of information and viewpoints.
  • News organisations continue to be vulnerable to political interference, especially when economic conditions are unstable.
  • A lack of political independence of public service media, especially in Central and Eastern Europe, remains a matter of concern.
  • Lack of gender equality in managerial and content creation roles in European media organisations represents one of the highest risk scores recorded by the Monitor.
  • Little or no progress has been registered with regard to media literacy across the EU.


The Media Pluralism Monitor (MPM) is a tool that has been developed by our Centre to assess the risks for media pluralism in a given country.

Prior to the 2017 implementation, the tool has been implemented in 2016 and tested under two pilot-projects co-funded by the European Union in 2014 and 2015. These two pilot-test implementations built on the prototype of the MPM that was designed in the 2009 Independent Study on Indicators for Media Pluralism in the Member States – Towards a Risk-Based Approach carried out by KU Leuven, JIBS, CEU, Ernst&Young, and a team of national experts (http://ec.europa.eu/information_society/media_taskforce/doc/pluralism/pfr_report.pdf).

In Portugal, the CMPF partnered with Francisco Rui Cádima, Carla Baptista, Luís Oliveira Martins e Marisa Torres da Silva (Universidade Nova de Lisboa e ICNOVA – Instituto de Comunicação da NOVA) who conducted the data collection and annotated the variables in the questionnaire and interviewed relevant experts.

See the Portuguese Report:


The MPM project is co-funded by the European Union.

2018-12-12T15:41:31+00:00December 12th, 2018|Categories: icnova news só em en, ICNOVAnews|