Teresa Mendes Flores publica na Early Popular Visual Culture (EPVC) editada pela Routledge – Taylor & Francis Online

Teresa Mendes Flores acaba de publicar o artigo Simmel’s alpine aesthetics and the stereoscope. The aesthetic qualities of the stereoscopic gaze and the stereo views by Manuel Alvarez na revista Early Popular Visual Culture, uma revista britânica editada pela Routledge e indexada na Scopus (SJR 0,16 e classificada no primeiro quartil). O artigo discute as teorias estéticas da paisagem de Georg Simmel no caso da representação dos Alpes e adianta as prováveis razões da exclusão da fotografia estereoscópica das suas reflexões, quando esta tecnologia parece responder, com particular eficácia, às preocupações estéticas de Simmel com a verdade fenomenológica das montanhas, possibilitando a experiência da sua volumetria e grandeza. Em paralelo o artigo apresenta o trabalho do fotógrafo amador português, de ascendência espanhola, Manuel Alvarez, que fotografou os Alpes como turista na mesma época em que Simmel publica os seus célebres artigos sobre os Alpes (1911-13). O artigo integra a produção de Alvarez  na fotografia estereoscópica amadora, deste período, como prática turística popular, mas que pode considerar-se manifestação da expansão moderna do desejo estético identificada pelo próprio Simmel.

A autora disponibiliza aos primeiros 50 interessados, um link para  descarregarem o artigo completo, aqui.

Abstract

In this paper, I argue that the practices of stereoscopic photography throughout the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century can be interpreted as technological answers to many of the questions raised by the theories of art regarding the landscape genre, such as immersion, volume, scale, and subjectivity. However, it was not a direct influence, since stereoscopic photography was perceived as part of popular culture and, thus, excluded from the artistic field. Stereoscopy’s middlebrow reputation is largely due to the perception that photography’s automated character and its mass diffusion as a visual commodity would prevent it from gaining any artistic value. To assert the possibility of a filiation in landscape theories, I focus on two essays by Georg Simmel, ‘The Alps’ (1911) and ‘The Philosophy of Landscape’ (1913), which are representative of these modern debates. I argue that the exclusion of photography from Simmel’s essays does not prevent us from a cultural reading, clarifying both that exclusion and the possibility of relating stereoscopic images to the pictorial challenges of the time. This is to state that visuality, although moulded by institutions and power, also spreads across many different social fields. I take as an example the alpine stereo photographs by the Portuguese amateur Manuel Alvarez, a tourist and photographer in the Swiss Alps at the same period of Simmel’s essays.

KEYWORDS: Stereoscopyphotographyearly 20th century visual culturemanuel Alvarezalpine aestheticssimmel

Maria Teresa Silva Guerreiro Mendes Flores (2020) Simmel’s alpine aesthetics and the stereoscope. The aesthetic qualities of the stereoscopic gaze and the stereo views by Manuel Alvarez, Early Popular Visual Culture, DOI: 10.1080/17460654.2020.1804965

https://doi.org/10.1080/17460654.2020.1804965

2020-09-03T15:08:21+00:00